Thursday, August 11, 2022

MENU

RVelectricity: Always unplug your RV while working on wiring

Dear Readers,
This was just posted on my RVelectricity Facebook group a few days ago. It’s an important reminder to unplug your RV from the pedestal outlet when working on any internal RV wiring. Never rely on simply turning off the circuit breaker on the pedestal while still having your shore power cord plugged in.

What happened?

Something odd and dangerous happened to me yesterday that I had never considered.  I needed to replace a bad breaker in my trailer, so I turned off all the breakers on the campground pedestal, and also tested the trailer breaker box to double-check that there was no 120v power in the trailer.

I was partially done with the project, and out of the corner of my eye, I saw someone behind my trailer.  Apparently, one of the breakers on my pedestal controlled an outlet (on a different pedestal) on a tent spot behind me. The person in that spot called the campground because they had lost power, and the maintenance guy came over to fix the problem by turning on the breakers.

Wow, if I hadn’t noticed him, it could have ended badly for me. In the future, I will actually be unplugging my trailer from the pedestal to give one more layer of protection.

Why was this dangerous?

Well, if you’re working on the wiring inside of the RV (like changing a circuit breaker), you’ll typically be handling bare conductors.

Now, I’ve been working in electrical panels for more than 50 years. I mentored under the local VocTech Master Electrician instructor. I was taught to assume that ALL wires were electrified, and never put two hands in a panel. So, I was taught to keep my unused hand in my back pocket to avoid a hand-to-hand shock.

That’s because a hand-to-hand shock is extremely dangerous. The fault current will go through your chest, and your heart is right in the middle of it.


The following ad was auto-inserted by Google


Always unplug and keep control of the plug

What the reader did was just turn off the circuit breaker in the pedestal and assume that his RV would remain de-energized. What he didn’t count on was someone walking up to the pedestal and flipping the circuit breaker on. That could have been a deadly mistake when he didn’t unplug his RV.

So, the first rule is, ALWAYS unplug your RV from any power source. NEVER rely on just a circuit breaker to keep you safe.

At the very least, unplug  the RV from the pedestal and bring the shore power plug up next to your RV. That way nobody accidentally plugs it back in. If you need additional safety from accidentally being plugged in, then there’s LOTO devices for power cords.

What is a LOTO (Lock Out/Tag Out)?

Another thing I learned when doing industrial power back in the ’70s is that you can’t unplug a big packaging machine with a power cord. They are hard-wired into a disconnect switch that allows you to completely remove them from the electrical service.

But what happens if someone else accidentally flips on the power handle while you’re (literally) inside of the machine working on the electrical system? That’s when I learned all about Lock Out/Tag Out (LOTO).

All electricians or mechanics who could work on this huge machine had their own safety padlock and key. A safety hasp like the one pictured was put on the master disconnect switch. It could hold up to six of these locks. Tthat meant up to six electricians or mechanics could be working on the machine at the same time.


The following ad was auto-inserted by Google


When you went on duty to work on the machine, you added your own lock to the LOTO hasp. And when you left the job site, the last thing you did was use your key to remove your lock. Only when ALL locks were removed was it deemed safe to turn the power back on.

Now, I don’t think this sort of LOTO hasp is needed for an RV owner working on their own RV. However, it would be a great idea as a way to lock out a section of the campground power when new pedestals are being installed, for example.

One last thing…

They also make a single breaker lockout that could be handy when you don’t want to shut down the entire panel to work on one branch circuit. For example, I used something like this when I would take an electrician to work on the fluorescent lights 40 feet up in the ceiling. These are available in all sizes for campground maintenance work.

Or, as a quick fix, you can use a piece of painter’s tape with your name and LEAVE OFF in magic marker. Not as good as a keyed LOTO device, but certainly a lot better than nothing!

Let’s play safe out there….

Send your questions to me at my new RVelectricity forum here.

Mike Sokol is an electrical and professional sound expert with 50+ years in the industry. His excellent book RV Electrical Safety is available at Amazon.com. For more info on Mike’s qualifications as an electrical expert, click here.

For information on how to support RVelectricity and No~Shock~Zone articles, seminars and videos, please click the I Like Mike Campaign.

##RVT1062

Comments

Subscribe
Notify of

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

4 Comments
Newest
Oldest
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
Carla
19 days ago

Good information to know. I never thought about some random person plugging the cord back in. I need to replace a light fixture, should I also disconnect the battery?

Brian
19 days ago
Reply to  Carla

This is typical on construction job sites, one person will have a breaker or 2 off to work on something while another worker trips a breaker with his compressor and goes to the panel and flips them all on. It’s what everyone does when they don’t have power, they just start flipping all the breakers. As the electrician on site what we do if anyone else is present is 1. remove the wire from the circuit breaker and wire nut the end or 2. padlock the whole panel door, just about every outdoor panel has a locking tab, for non-locking sub panels it’s option 1. Working with this stuff on a daily basis greatly increases the odds of a mishap so you need to stick to the safety rules because one day your luck will run out. Sometimes on a large, crowded site with technicians running around everywhere you just need to post someone at the panel if no LOTO is available because someone could put your wire back.

Subscribe to our newsletter

Every Saturday and Sunday morning. Serving RVers for more than 20 years.